Statue of Headless Aphrodite made from Softstone.
In Greek mythology, Aphrodite is the goddess of love, beauty and sexual rapture. According to Hesiod, she was born when Uranus (the father of the gods) was castrated by his son Cronus. Cronus threw the severed genitals into the ocean which began to churn and foam about them. From the aphros (“sea foam”) arose Aphrodite, and the sea carried her to either Cyprus or Cythera. Hence she is often referred to as Kypris and Cytherea. Homer calls her a daughter of Zeus and Dione.
We refer to Classical Period as the Period that high achievents in the field of culture were recorded. During this period Athend becomes the cultural ans intellectual center of the Greek world, attracting most of the biggest artists, architects, philosophers and poets. Under Pericles inspiration and guidance great building projects were involved, including Parthenon (447-432BC)
Regarding Art Classical period is subdivided into smaller periods, each one marked by social and political developments. These are the Early Classical Period (479-450BC) the Mature Classical Period (450-425BC), the Rich Style (425-380BC) and the Late Classic Period (380-323 BC).