Statue of an Cockerel made from Soft-stone.
Owl was identified with wisdom since ancient times. It was considered by the ancient Greeks as the symbol of the goddess Athena. Regarding the reference of the Alexandrian lexicographer Hesychius, before the battle of Salamis, an owl had flown as a harbinger of the victory of the Greeks. This fact is indicative of the worship of the bird by the ancient Greeks.
Archaic Greece was the period in Greek history lasting from the eighth century BC to the second Persian invasion of Greece in 480 BC, part of the Greco-Persian wars, between the Greek Dark Ages and Classical Greece.